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Can you get an MIT education for $2,000? | Scott Young | TEDxEastsidePrep

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Can you get an MIT education for $2,000? |  Scott Young | TEDxEastsidePrep


Translator: Israel Fernandez Martin
Reviewer: Helena Bedalli If you’ve been watching the news lately,
have probably seen photographs like this. Students are protesting because their government is cutting
subsidies to education. And the big part of the reason for this, both the government cutting subsidies and student now cry is that getting a college education
doesn’t cost what it used to. If you graduated more than 2 decades ago, you might be surprised to know that it now costs students
over two and a half times as much as it did for you, and that’s in real dollars
for any economists in the audience here. It’s not an easy problem. On one hand
the cost is becoming harder for both, students and government to bare. But in the other hand
employers are demanding an educated workforce. They want employees
with complex analytical skills. The world now runs
oot of what we dig out of people brains not just what we dig out of the ground. So, that’s the problem. Now what’s the fix? Let me be completely honest with you. I have no idea. But what I want to suggest is that maybe
we’ve been looking in the wrong place. We’ve been expecting change
to come from schools and governments, but what if the change came from us. I’d like to share my story
and suggest that maybe an education doesn’t need to be expensive and what’s more, maybe we can learn better without it. So in my case I was lucky. When I was accepted to college, I managed to narrow down
my choice in major to two choices: Business and computer science. I was really interested in both. With one you get to build companies, with the other
you get to build technologies. And these two are not mutually exclusive. After all Bill Gates was a hacker
before he built an empire. (Laughter) But in my school
I could only major in one. So I did what any freshman would do, and did a careful rational
cost-benefit analysis. [Gender Ratio]
(Laughter) So business it was, and after graduating I have no regrets. I learned a lot and I had a great time. But after finishing my education, I had this longing for the path not taken. I really wanted to learn computer science. But going back to school
didn’t appeal to me four more years of my life, acceptance boards, tuition bills, I didn’t want to postpone my life
and rack up debt, just to pursue a curiosity. I wanted the education, not the school. Then I remembered that
Universities like MIT, Harvard, Stanford, had a habit of putting up classes
online for free. I’ve done a few of these before
and then a thought occurred to me. If you could learn a class,
why not an entire degree. That was the beginning of an experiment. Would it be possible to get
an MIT education in computer science without ever going to MIT? So it’s an intriguing idea, but already you could probably notice the complexities and objections
that may raise so going to the MIT is a lot more
than just what you learn in the classroom. So how can you possibly hope
to replicate something which is such a multifaceted experience. So I like to think college is a lot like eating at a five star restaurant. You’re never paying for just the food. You get the wait staff, elegant decor,
the fancy french wines. You’re paying for a complex
and multifaceted experience. And the same is true at college. You get networking
with your intellectual peers, research opportunities
and credentials from elite institutions. And like the fancy restaurant you get a big bill at the end. And you know what,
sometimes this system works, but just as you probably don’t want
to go to a five star restaurant, every time you get hungry, you probably also
don’t want to go back to school every time you want to learn something. I didn’t want the five course meal. I wanted my education “a la carte”. So what mattered most to me,
was being able to understand the big ideas of computer science; like algorithms, artificial intelligence, encryption, and the Internet. And being able to implement those ideas
in computer programs. So I decided to make my challenge simple. My goal will be to try to pass the exams
an MIT student would do and to do the programming projects. I admit it is a simplification. It omits a lot of the MIT experiences. But for what I wanted to get out of it, it was a pretty good simplification. And what mattered more, it was a simplification that worked. So I was able
to build a curriculum of 33 classes, that with one or two minor exceptions was identical to the course list
an MIT student would use. And I was able to build this using only
MIT’s free online available information. The only cost was for a few text books which meant I could follow
this entire program for under $2000. So I had my goal
and now I have the material. Now for the hard part:
actually learning MIT classes. I’m not kidding myself,
MIT is a really hard school it’s notoriously difficult
even for bright students and what is more, I’m not going to have
the help of faculty, and professors, and classmates
that I can easily get help from. In theory the project’s doable
but it was too difficult in practice. When I told my friends about this, that I was planning on doing
an MIT degree on my own, they reinforced those doubts. They told me they could not imagine trying to learn a MIT degree on your own. It’d be too difficult without constant
guidance and support of faculty members. But that last point
didn’t ring true for me, because when I went to college,
I was in lecture halls like this one, where the professor would give a talk to an auditorium full of 300 students. Yeah, sure that if I had a question
I could rise my hand, but if really didn’t understand something it was up to me to learn it so perhaps the doubts and worries
over do-it-yourself degree, had more to do
with it being unconventional, than it being genuinely more difficult
than a formal program. As I started doing the first few classes, my results were even more surprising. I found I was able to learn faster
using this approach than I ever had while in university. So far from being an obstacle, it turned out that not going to MIT had made my job a lot easier. Ok, so that last bit
deserves a little bit of explanation. After all, an MIT student has access
to everything I do, and much much more. How can I possibly have an advantage
over a student when I have a fewer resources? It defies common sense. So in order to explain this,
I need to do a little bit of a detour. I need to go into the geeky realm
of personal productivity. So there is a tool called the time log. And here is how the time log works. You jot down the starting
and the stopping times for every activity you do. And I mean every activity,
from when you wake up in the morning, to when you take out the garbage. My guess is that most of you here
have never done a time log before, because just imagine
how irritating that is to do. But if you do one,
the results can be eye-opening. Here’s a recent
Wall Street Journal article where the reporter did just that. She writes: “I soon realized I’d been lying to myself about where the time was going. What I thought was a 60-hour workweek
wasn’t even close. I would have guessed I spent hours
doing dishes when in fact I spent minutes. I spent long stretches of time
lost on the Internet or puttering around the house,
unsure exactly what I was doing.” Because I am huge geek
I’ve done time logs before and I can say
the situation is even worse for students. The vast majority of time students spend, isn’t spent learning,
it’s spent commuting to class, copying notes at Starbucks,
and trying to stay awake in lectures. If you could total up the amount of time that students spend forming new insight, and remembering facts which is of course what learning is, it would be tiny. And for the most part,
this is not even the student’s fault. After all, entrepreneurs often notice a startling difference
in their productivity, at a start-up versus a big firm. Big institutions mean bureaucracy. They mean paper work,
they mean doing what you’re told instead of what’s important. So being an educational entrepreneur
can offer some learning advantages over people in a formal system. So, take lectures as a perfect example So, when I would do MIT lectures,
when I started doing the classes, I would watch them
at one and a half times the speed. This may sound very difficult,
but the difference is barely audible in human speech, if it goes too fast, you just hit rewind. Students in a regular classroom
don’t have access to a fast-forward or rewind button, even though I’m guessing
most of them would like one. And the impact of this isn’t trivial. By being able to watch lectures
at a slightly faster pace, and watching them sequentially, I was able to take classes
that normally span four months, and watch them in two days of real time. Or take assignments. Students do assignments
because they have to. Yes, sometimes they facilitate learning, but sometimes they don’t. For example,
if you are struggling with a concept why wait weeks to get your answers back? When I would do a hard MIT assignment, I would do the questions
with the solution key in hand, one question at a time, because it’s tight feedback loops
like this that cognitive scientists recognize
as being critical to learning. And you don’t need to be a genius
to apply these ideas either. being able to replay
keys segments of lectures; being able to get
immediate feedback on your skills; these are structural advantages
that benefit slow learners as much as they benefit fast ones. So, where am I right now? As of this moment I’ve completed 20
of the 33 computer science courses in the MIT curriculum. And by completed I mean I’ve passed those final exams
and I did the programing projects associated with those classes. What’s more, because of speed-ups
like this that I have mentioned, I’m on track of finishing the program
in 12 months instead of 4 years. So today the big topic is about
how technology is going to change educational institutions and classrooms. I think this misses the point. The big upheavals in education
aren’t going to be about schools, They are going to be about students. And I am not alone in believing this. There is already grassroot organizations looking to rethink education,
not from the top-down but from the bottom-up. These are movements that
are not planned by schools or governments, but from students who are fed up
with the limited options the current system provides. Education hacking is the new trend. So billionaire investor Peter Thiel gives
100,000 dollar scholarship to students, not to go to school but to drop out,
and start something interesting. So when the best and brightest and
most motivated start singling their talent by not going to school,
the rest of the world will take notice. And it is not an “all or nothing”
proposition either. Jay Cross,
the founder of “Do-It-Yourself Degree” is putting together
a list of universities based on the number of transfers credits
they accept. That means you can go
to a real university, and get a real degree, but minimize the amount of time
you have to spend learning in the classroom. Look, I get it,
maybe you don’t want to go to MIT or try to learn an MIT degree on your own
just for fun, I get that. But even if you decide
to do your education the old fashion way, this still impacts you. The world is changing too fast
to believe that learning stops once you get your diploma. Being able to teach yourself
complex skills and big ideas is going to be essential to stay ahead. So, like it or not,
most education in the future is going to be self-education. Universities aren’t going away
anytime soon, they will always offer things
self-education will miss. They’re a great experience even if they’re sometimes
an expensive one. But that said,
I believe self-education is the future. If a person like me can learn
an MIT degree in one quarter of the time and 1/100 of the financial cost, what’s to stop you from doing it too? Thank you. (Applause)

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42 thoughts on “Can you get an MIT education for $2,000? | Scott Young | TEDxEastsidePrep”

  1. Karem Lorrayne says:

    'Self-education is the future', I totally agree with that.

  2. vsleboss cacakaka says:

    Before buying on gearbest, know that it's thieves.
    They do not repay,
    on google search for "Thieves Gearbest".

  3. Joanne Ritter says:

    I do this. Lifelong learner here. I take MOOCs, put at 2x speed while watching CC. Do some reading using Spritzlet app at 400 wpm. Watch some videos on smart TV.

  4. Bodhi Sharma says:

    Hello, I too am going to do it from 1st/Jan/2018!

  5. Jon Saw says:

    The big question is "Who evaluated you?", who proctored you to verify your learning? he probably thinks reading questions and posted exam solutions means he has completed the learning process!!!

  6. Shahad says:

    he look like Ryan Gosling

  7. David Song says:

    Fantastic speech!

  8. George Li says:

    Inspiring!! Thank you so much!!!

  9. Nidhin Raj says:

    How did you get the list of books ?!

  10. MrMagooo says:

    Sure, you can learn anything that doesn't require labs or expensive tools and equipment from the Internet. You may even be able to get a job. But you won't be able to compete with people with degrees in the long term. They will continue to rise thru the corporate ladder while you languish. You're just training yourself to be a worker not a boss. Add up the cost/benefit over a 30 year career.

  11. Leslie Lopez says:

    I recommend Coursera & The Great Courses

  12. Cristian Reyes says:

    proof lil pump was ahead of his time when he dropped out from harvard

  13. Matthew Trump says:

    Nice screen shot of Jerry Cain’s CS107 course at Stanford.

  14. Kaustav Dey says:

    Omg I am doing this naturally.

  15. Nico's Rap says:

    The problem isn’t necessarily the college institution itself but the business that require employees to have a degree, even if’ it’s not 100% necessary.

  16. Ishan Dede says:

    Tough Crowd?

  17. Hai Nguyen Trong says:

    Mit is the best school of hi tech. If you can invent a precision robotic articulation with more than a 3 degrees of liberty as a human articulation or as much then you will be admitted to MIT. Or develop a patchwork mathematical program for AI robotics or assisted robotics automation control, you are good to go for Mit. Mit like all hi tech universities need inventors not replicant engineers. They need Grey brains not white brains which is top notch inventors.

  18. architvis says:

    This is great. I started about 4 years ago learning everything I can about programming and computer science. Computer science stuff was on an accident, just curious how things work as I was working on different projects(adding circuits, binary, micro-controllers). I have met CS graduates or students about to graduate and they are very limited in what they have learned. That is because you can pass assignments and classes without a full grasp on the topic. Also students need more guidance. Yes you can ask the professors questions, but the issue is, you are unlikely to know the right questions to ask. Your degree matters very little, it just keeps the employer from throwing your resume away and gets you the interview. You need to do research and use those years to make sure you know what you are doing. Classes are more supplementary(they help, but you need to do your research). Also if you can get an internship, that might be the best way to get guidance. Networking is the next thing, college gives you the advantage of collectively working together with like-minded people. There are things I am great with and then horrible at others but I have friends now that help me understand my weakness(discreet math), as I help them with their's(programming). Simply, use your resources and don't get tunnel vision where you only do classes, also expect lectures to not teach much(fell behind in discreet math because I focused to much on the lectures). Plan your own education and figure out were you need to get to and how. To reiterate, networking is the best thing you can do in college. Professors and other students can be more important then anything else to find work or opportunities. Who you know can mean more then what you know.

  19. Nada Kassem says:

    anybody knows how can i download MIT courses?

  20. A. Ortolani says:

    I'm curious, does anyone know where to get the exams and assignments from? Does MIT publicly release their actual lesson plans?

  21. Min Qu says:

    Scott Young开通微信公众号了, 欢迎关注!SCOTTHYOUNG (ID: Scott-H-Young)

  22. 张展硕 says:

    what‘s my name

  23. CessnaacePVP says:

    Well dang!

  24. vladimirmariop9 says:

    Sometimes i think studiyng education give us something to do… When we finish school education , we dont have something to do, and we only are looking for money (work)

  25. Victor Chen says:

    Its really fascinating,I always believe that you don't actually need a university or a degree,it's not that useful,and sometime we are too aggressive to get a diploma instead of really learning something.

  26. The physics channel says:

    MIT students are getting pissed now.

  27. Bradlee297 says:

    All good until you want to apply to a job but don't have the degree certificate

  28. Liping Feng, Ph.D. says:

    I totally appreciate this talk. It's up to students, not schools or gov, to disrupt the educational system. And learning is such a joy. We need to create ways to do it that suit us. Awesome inspiration! Thank you, Scott. Peace & Blessings!

  29. Rutik Pathare says:

    I appreciate this man.
    Uni such Waste Of Time
    i am Doing Same With My CS Degree

  30. Zeus Jansen G. Lujares says:

    Dude 1.50x speed is so helpful when trying to learn things fast

  31. Giovanny De Jesus says:

    The Establishment frowns at your critical thinking skills.

  32. Nik Tantardini says:

    Ryan Gosling?

  33. Ammar Siddiqui says:

    If you want to work for someone your whole life, get that degree. If you want to put the blood, sweat, and tears into entrepreneurship and build your own technology or business, then you probably shouldn't get a degree. Of course, there are exceptions like medical engineering since it is hard to set up a lab at your house to learn.

  34. Ryland Dickman says:

    "I didn't want the five-course meal; I wanted my education à la carte
    ."

  35. Go W says:

    but i really love our campus

  36. Pawan Nirpal says:

    I do this each day MIT open course ware , Harvard CS50 , Stanford's ML playlist.

  37. Ahmed Hijazi says:

    SOMETHING YOU SHOULD know

  38. melsy says:

    I always do self education during final exams.

  39. Nikolay Georgiev says:

    No, you can't. MIT is not about reading books or listening to lectures. It is about collaboration, experimenting, etc. Mens et manus.

  40. kulkarni Singh says:

    Loved the talk

  41. Amiri medi says:

    But how we can do about applying The knowledge , the point of the case , especially the complex matters that requiring lot of practices . I think that the universities was built to offer an ideal platform to practicing what we learn and all of Mr Scott Young stuff is relatively correct like in philosophy or literature courses ….

  42. YANG HU says:

    Book I saw Scott Yang Yang I think Scott can learning method is efficient to save time to save money but I think it is very different from a learning efficiency is is another must fulfill themselves special want to accomplish, of course, the final result will be different in the modern society more and more knowledge emerges people need to know so much after must be a way to change the status quo may elementary course is equivalent to high school, after all, human beings will be more and more clever to learn at their own speed will be faster and faster

  43. Winning Speech Moments says:

    One thing Scott is missing is that elite schools are not necessarily for education but access. It opens up doors. That's why parents are willing to do anything to get their kids there. It is a legal pay to play system we have created.

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