Singapore vs India | Education System Analysis by Dhruv Rathee


Singapore vs India | Education System Analysis by Dhruv Rathee

Hello friends In continuation of the education series, I’d like to analyse the education system of Singapore in this video A country, which is always viewed at the top, whenever we talk about education Before we start this video, I’d like to suggest you to watch the analysis video of Germany because in this video, I’d not only compare the system in Singapore with the system in India but also with the system of Germany Come, let us see 20% of what the Singaporean government spends on various things 20% of the government expenditure is spent only on education The direct effect of this is visible in a lot of things The first is the school infrastructure- the kind of schools that have been built and the facilities that are present Another is the student-teacher ratio The student teacher ratio in India is around 25 to 30 that is, for every 25-30 students, there is 1 teacher In some states, like Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, this figure crosses 60 In Singapore, the same ratio lies in between 10-15 The effect of this is also perceptible on the students’ capabilities. For example, PISA that is Programme for International Student Assessment rankings PISA test is basically a test that is conducted for students in different countries across the world IT judges them on subjects like Maths, Science and Reading to gauge the performance of the students and then later, rankings are calculated to find out that the students of which country are the best in these subjects and are the most intelligent and most knowledgeable Singapore is almost always seen at the top in the PISA test rankings almost every year It is seen on the Number 1 or the Number 2 rank Talking about India, India last attempted this test in 2009 and India’s rank was second last out of 73 countries in 2009 which tells us how good Indian students are in Maths and Science But there was a lot of controversy in this test And ever since, India did not participate in this test in 2012 and 2015 But despite all this, Singapore education is similar to the Indian education in some aspects Do not these dialogues sound familiar? You must have heard these in your homes that if you do not study then you might grow up to become a sweeper So the culture around education in Singapore is greatly similar to the Indian culture There is a lot of pressure from the parents there as well Tuitions are extremely common A newspaper conducted a poll in 2008 which found that 97% of the students studying in Singapore attend tuitions of some or the other kind Along with this, it is extremely common for the schools to give tremendous amounts of homework unlike many European countries like Germany, Finland A lot of homework is not given in these countries The students are not pressurized to this extent In Singapore, marks are given a lot of importance as well- just like in India One interesting fact is that Singapore has compulsory education Every Singaporean citizen born after 1st January, 1996 has to compulsorily attend school and if he does not do so, then it would be a criminal offence for his parents Talking about the actual system, then class 1 to class 6 is primary school At the end of class 6, the students have to appear for a Primary School Leaving Exam, that is, PSLE On the basis of the results of this exam, the students are divided into three streams from class 7- Express Stream, Normal Academic Stream and Normal Technical Stream Express Stream is the stream of the highest level The students that perform well in the PSLE would be assigned the Express stream The others would get Normal Academic and the ones that did not perform well would be assigned the Normal Technical If you remember, this is very similar to the German Education system After the fourth class, the students in Germany get the option of going to three schools One of them is Realschule, another is Gymnasium, and then there’s Hauptschule Keeping in mind the student’s ability, they are suggested that they should choose one of the three schools Just like in Germany, if a student secures good grades in the normal stream, during the secondary school, then they can upgrade to the Express Stream At the end of 10th class, the students of Express Stream appear in an O level exam after which they are promoted to 11th and 12th (which is called the junior college) and then later, they can attend the universities But the students of the Normal Stream cannot do this At the end of 10th class, they appear for an N level exam After they appear for the N level exam then it becomes next to impossible to attend universities They can attend a polytechnic or an art institution after this or they can attend the Institute of Technical Education which is basically a vocational training institute for vocational education A question might arise in your mind that why are the students divided into separate streams in class 6th itself in the Singaporean and German education system What is the purpose behind this? Singapore introduced this system in the 1980s There was a problem of high dropout rates in schools The students were dropping out of schools because they found education quite difficult They were unable to keep up with the studies After that, the government introduced a system under which, if you are good in studies then you can opt for the express stream and the studies would remain as difficult and as challenging and if you are not so good in studies then you can opt for the lower normal streams and you would be taught according to your level there The basic reason is that every student has a different learning speed and has different needs But the introduction of this new system led to the creation of a new type of problems If you divide the students at such a young age into different streams then this affects their mindset The normal level students might feel like they might never match the level of the Express level students “they are the students of “upper class” and we are not as good in studies” They begin to view themselves as that of a lower level in a way This is a very critical problem that cropped up in the Singaporean education system after the introduction of these streams This is the reason why the government of Singapore took the decision that 2024 onward, the entire system will be revamped The system of streaming will be completely done away with and in place of that, they will introduce Subject Based Banding That is, instead of segregating students in different classrooms and giving them normal or express tags, they would give to the students themselves the option of choosing higher levels in the subjects that they are good at and of choosing lower levels in the subjects that they are not good at This would lead to the students studying together So this would no longer be called normal or express, it would now be called G1, G2, G3 If you opt for G3, then it would be the highest level in that category and G1 would be the lowest level What happens because of this is that if a student is good in Maths then he can opt for a higher level in it if another student is good in English then he can opt for a higher level in it But these two students can study rest of the subjects together So this will reduce divisions and this will also not restrict the mindset of the students Another interesting point of difference is that the textbook publishing department in Singapore is privatized that is, the textbook of the students can be made and sold by different publishers and a wide variety of books from across the world can be used in the schools of Singapore So, in a way, the students have the freedom to choose their books and look at different opinions from different books This is a huge contrast from India, where the Indian government is planning to make NCERT books compulsory in CBSE schools so that other books cannot be used In my opinion this is a terrible decision of the government if the government actually does this because this affects the creativity of the students and the international books from abroad- the kind of knowledge level and the different perspective they bring will not be accessible to the Indian students Their knowledge would be limited to what is written in the NCERT books Infact the state governments of Gujarat and Orissa have already said that schools should use only NCERT books Another unique and interesting aspect about the Singaporean system is that after completing 12th class, every Singaporean male citizen, when they turn 18, have to do a compulsory military duty for two years This is called National service in Singapore that is, discharge duties in the Singapore Armed Forces, Singapore Civil Defence Forces or Singapore Armed Forces for atleast two years The people there believe that this enhances discipline and this is essential for the national security of Singapore because it is a small country If there ever arises a need for a fight, then the citizens would have to rise up to the occasion for national security Therefore, it has been made compulsory here But the disadvantage of this is that two years of serving military duty there is a gap pf two years before they can go to he university So, in comparison with the rest of the students internationally, the students of Singapore lag behind by two years in matters of studies and in matters of joining the university But despite this, a study conducted in 2013 relayed that 98% of the people in Singapore are in favour of this national service and they support it openly However, it is not the sole country with compulsory military service The same happens in Switzerland too And when a survey was conducted and people were asked in Switzerland too, and a referendum was conducted to inquire as to how many people want this compulsory military service Then, even there, 73% of the people supported it that they wanted compulsory military service for every citizen But obviously there are exemptions. This does not apply to you if you are disabled The rest of the downsides of the Singaporean system is that rote learning is focussed upon here as well There is a lot of pressure to become successful and as I’ve already told you, tuitions are extremely common Just like in India, there was a negative perception around vocational training at one point of time This was around 1960s when jobs like electrician and carpentry were looked down upon that the people who do these jobs belong to the lower section of the society They were not given as much respect But this gradually changed over the course of a few decades And today, the same respect is given to these jobs Infact, 65% of students who graduate after class 12 do not join a university in Singapore They undergo vocational training of some sort or the other In my opinion, it is essential to bring this change in India as well Because the speed with which unemployment is growing, there aren’t enough jobs to employ everyone. Hence it is extremely essential to increase the variety of jobs Every type of job should be given as much appreciation and viewed at the same standard so that the people do not harbour a negative perception for some jobs All in all, the fact remains that Singapore has been constantly learning from its mistakes rectifying them and has been changing its system constantly It gives a substantial portion of its budget to education due to to which a healthy student teacher ratio is maintained The infrastructure is excellent and the students have the freedom to choose their own books National service and vocational education are important service areas So this was a concise summary of the Singapore education system Write down in the comments and tell us which country’s education system’s analysis would you like to see next If you like my work then you can support me in or by becoming a member of Youtube by clicking the join button so that I may continue to make such educational videos for you in the future We will meet in the next video Thank you

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100 thoughts on “Singapore vs India | Education System Analysis by Dhruv Rathee”

  1. Dhruv Rathee says:

    2:57 Compulsory Education 
3:13 Class 1-10 System 
4:48 Why Streaming Happens?
6:37 The Future System
7:32 Freedom of Textbooks
8:34 Compulsory Military Service
9:55 Negative Sides

  2. game winner always says:

    Hello, try to compare India vs England (not Uk) , I have been in England from last 3 years and my 2 daughters are studying here in year 5 and year 2. What I felt , they have more focus on to be good human being and in the primary (year 1 to year 6) more on maths and history.
    Also here we have honest rating of school for all the primary and secondary education all govern by gov. Pls try it and let me know if you need any input from my side 🙂

  3. MH 12 Proud Punekar says:

    In India you become an Engineer just to work in the finance field.

  4. Swayam Shah says:

    8:01 I respect ur opinion👍

  5. Prankush Kumar says:

    Bihar 😁😁😁

  6. Prabhat Singh says:

    Ap Ab Delhi ke mamle par video banao

  7. Saurabh J says:

    केजरीवाल कराएगा military service केजरीवाल के टट्टू , कंट्री को सर्विस मत करना सिर्फ यह सोचना कि 2 साल खराब हो गए यही सोच है केजरीवाल की

  8. Awadhi Chattora says:

    Please make a video on namaste trump I was watching one of the funniest video on YouTube just now channel name PMO india😂 HIS ENGLISH IS EPIC

  9. Sajid Anwar says:

    kal sham mai hi Delhi ke Ek Majar sharif mai aag lagi gye thi or sunne mai aaya h wo kam RSS or Police ne milke kiya h

  10. Sajid Anwar says:

    apka kya kehna h is news ko leke Delhi ke ek Mazar sharif mai jo aag laga h

  11. Sajid Anwar says:

    ispe ek video v nikal dijeya ga bhaiya

  12. Sachin Upadhyay says:

    Sir Trump ke India And par video banao please
    If anyone want can like me

  13. Mrutyunjay Dash says:


  14. Masarrat Siddique says:

    Sir ji shiddat se apko yaad kr rhi plzzzzzzzzzz make a video on Trump nd our feku p.m dono jhute ek saath

  15. CREATIVE MIND says:

    1 vidoe on North East Delhi

  16. Vartika Krishna says:

    Please do it for" Canada"

  17. Ganesh Bhushan says:

    USA vs India
    Canada vs India

  18. Kago Loder says:


  19. Sanjiv Kumar says:


  20. Ahesanali Kadiwala says:

    Sir, Please make a video on
    Homeschooling and Openschooling in India

  21. Chirag Tulsiyani says:

    Finland Have The Best Education System , Please Tell About It 🙏

  22. Sunny Islam says:

    8:09: Dhruv, there can be a problem if textbook publishing are not centralized in countries like India, Bangladesh, Pakistan. I am from Bangladesh and I noticed there was a competition between publishers' to recommend their books in schools. They don't even care about the quality of books, sometimes bribed school authorities for their publications. A strong monitoring committee, who will ensure the quality, is required.

    during our time, rapid reading, grammar books were privatized. it was in 1995-2000.

  23. Anshay Solanki says:

    I want to ask you something. can i get ur email?

  24. shanu singh says:

    Sweden ki educational structure ke bare me video banaiye

  25. Ankit dahiya says:

    Japan, America or china's education system

  26. Pavel Choudhury says:

    Sir India or American high school Ka education Ka comparison kara

  27. shaik wahaj says:


  28. Danish Ryan says:

    China vs India

  29. Piyush Gupta says:

    USA education system

  30. Deepanshu Gupta says:

    Why don't you talk about Dholera project?
    Is modi is always wrong according to you

  31. Hushed Ahmad says:

    Next – uk

  32. Ravi Shankar says:

    NRC ko aap galat batye aao Kabhi mere pass interview lehenge sirf NRC

  33. Kunal Kashyap says:

    Why are you silent on Delhi riots?

  34. Nick NS Gaming says:

    Aap itna accha bolte hoo

    Appko news mai hona chahiye

  35. FS tech says:

    Can you talk next about Finnish education system?

  36. Chinmay Pathak says:

    please make a videos on education system of japan

  37. Soubhagya Bose says:


  38. Rudra Tiwari says:

    How are u a serious liar

  39. Vishnu lifestyle says:

    Bhai ki mehnat ko dislike kyu milta h

  40. Dileep Kumar says:

    Japan and Australia

  41. ANAMASGARD says:

    Indian and U.S

  42. Nihal saeed says:

    First thing is.. to destroy the Class system

  43. Bhooom Sahil says:

    Sir jo abhi abhi delhi mein hua explain kijiya na.

  44. Ægon says:

    China next pls 🤗

  45. Mister WWII says:

    I guess The Government, UPA or NDA, should bring a two-child policy to also reduce the comptetition in future decades. Surplus, Since a lot of times you see people lazy, I guess Physical Exercise shall be necessary and service in the army/police for a year.

  46. Arfan Hassan Khan says:

    bro pls make a video on the current delhi riots like a detail analysis about the reason of these riots becuase the news channel are trying to hide all this mahyem. plsssss

  47. Abhijeet Singh says:

    Sir britain

  48. Ajaysinh Jadeja says:


  49. VEER SHARMA says:

    Bhaiya FINLAND schools par video banao , world's best schools, hame kuch seekne ko milega

  50. Sakshi Gupta says:

    Ye Sahin bagh ka Kya matter h…Plz us pr ek video bnaiye na…

  51. unknown information says:

    America ka bhai

  52. MD ##SR says:

    भाई दिल्ली में हुए दंगा के सच्चाई से हमे वीडियो के माध्यम से अवगत कराईए 🙏🙏

  53. Irfan Khan says:

    Sir jald se jald Delhi par video banaiye

  54. Jubin Choudhary says:

    Please share your views on the voilence in delhi before trump's visit.and the death of the policemen.

  55. Desi Geet says:

    Pisa mien Pakistan ka education system humse upar tha 😂😂😂😂 sach m

  56. Mohammed Obaid says:

    Cbse vs other states board ke upar video Banao

  57. Rajesh Sk says:

    Please make video on Delhi burning…what is that? How u gonna explain this?

  58. Tron Me says:

    Aap hi koi country chunlo ….3rd best aap ki list me

  59. John Gates says:


  60. Vatsal Singh says:

    Make video on Australia and UK education system

  61. Shubham Banerjee says:


  62. shaida raza says:

    Hi dhruv..can u plz go though to only news 24*7..they r spreading hatered..nd uksa rhe h danga karne k liye..iske millions subscriber hai..can we do something..plz

  63. Biva Kumari says:

    Video on nowadays economy of India
    Please proceed with it as sooner as you can

    I will be grateful to you

  64. Ritik Raushan says:

    I want to know about ISRAEL🇮🇱 education system. Kindly make video about it. Thanks for video.

  65. Atul Prakash says:

    Sry for other issue but CAA NRC ke against protest itna important hai ki 10-20 log ki jaan le le 😟kya ye baki ke issues jaise (proverty,beggar,illeteracy,health, poverty, hygiene)se zyada important hai.agar nhi to log ko samjhaiye ki is par zyada dhyan na. De

  66. Red Hair says:

    Check out Finland

  67. Soham Utekar says:

    Sir , you should make educational videos like explaining about the executive , legislature and judicial parts of the government ,about tax system in India ,so that some of the UPSC aspirants as well some of the students would benefit as well .

  68. Nayan limbu says:

    Are bhi marr gye delhi par video nhi bana rahe ho pant gili ho gya kiya mia logo ka radicalisation dekh kar

  69. JAGGU 11 says:

    Physics wallah – Alakh Pandey is the best teacher of India who gives free online education with clear concepts….. 🙏🙏🙏🙏

  70. Bodhisattwa Ghosh says:

    Teri jaisa kitna jatu paida huya & jatu banke vik mangte firraha hai. Ja jatu jute. Lawre nam hai teri.

  71. Surbhi Rodhwal says:

    USA plzzz

  72. Abdul Hakeem1122 says:

    Pls make video on how voilention Delhi held

  73. Damn Burger says:

    तू मदरसे से पढ़ा था भोसड़ीके

  74. Anam Magra says:

    3:00 this system must be applied in India also..
    So that upcoming politicians are also educated…

  75. Hedayat Shaikh says:

    Bhai Trum Ke India Aany se India ko Kya benefit hua uss pe 1 videos banao

  76. Simran Maurya says:

    Sir plzz make make another video on South Korea education system

  77. rockstar # says:

    Aap politician ban jao Acha hoga

  78. Vivek Singh says:

    Sir please make a video on Malaysian education system….We want to know about the Malaysian education system 🙂

  79. Vivek Upadhyay says:

    2nd last 😸😸😸😸😸😸😸😸😸

  80. Abdul Haleem says:

    Where are you my brother ?!!
    Your voice is needed

  81. Abdul Haleem says:

    Raise a voice for delhi

  82. Shaaii Funfaam says:

    Delhi me jo ho rha h uska poora maamla btaiye

  83. immy !! says:

    Bhaiii Ye Youtube Ki duniya Se Bahar Aaja..
    Ye teri baat… Or point of view.. India m Aane de.. We support you.. love You agree with uhh

  84. immy !! says:

    Dhruv Bhaiii.. I pray To God.. In future.. U,ll Be Our PM of India..

  85. immy !! says:

    India Is Suffering Cause.. Of.. Illterate Persons Like Modi & BJP partyyy..
    Plsss Take action.. &Do for India.. For better future of india

  86. Panchali Krishna Devi Dasi says:

    Bloody rascal you go to hell embrace Islam and become a muslim and shift your house to the Muslim Islamic radicals colonies

  87. Shaik Owais Ullah Siddiqui says:

    Mr rathee ap apni next video delhi me ho rahe fasad par banao, and jo bhi deep detail hai wo hamhe batao

  88. Potato into butter bean says:

    japan ki kijiye na

  89. Alok Singh says:

    But who is ruling and running global companies its Indian Students

  90. Alok Singh says:

    NCERT is better than International books .

  91. akhilesh gupta says:

    Bhai g india ki sabse badi samasya population aur uske effect pr video banaye

  92. Deepanshu Arya says:

    Bro need a fresh video about Trump and Delhi voilence in parallel

  93. Tanish Patel says:


  94. Mohit Kumar says:

    I can see how bad our education system is because you are also a production of it….

  95. Yash Jha says:

    U should made a video on dehli protest

  96. Satyendra Prasad says:

    Aapko national janmat channel dekhna chahiya

  97. Satyendra Prasad says:


  98. Tinku Abdul Rahman says:

    Next us

  99. Yasmin Chamadiya says:

    I want to know about Finland and Canada education system….

  100. Jatin says:

    Ncert books are created by highly qualified professors of various universities who are highly experienced. If you have ever read the ncert throughly you can find they have explained every topic in very minute details. Also there is no rule as such that we have to read only ncert books in school but our examinations will strictly adhere to ncert books.
    Ab bhai hmare yha bacche ncert to puri padte nahi and you are expecting them to read foreign books which are highly complex. Our ncert books indeed need some change in context but we don't need any forign books. Ncert are enough.

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